Tuesday, August 23, 2011

Trade And Transit Between Nepal And Bangladesh

Nepal and Bangladesh are two sovereign and friendly countries. Mutual respects, trust, economy size and cultural heritage are common factors binding their close relationship. On the background above, it can be convincing that we can be mutually benefited by entering into various socio- economic activities. Trade, joint-industrial projects, science and technology exchange programs, cultural exchange visits could be some the ventures we could enter into, of course, within the frame work of the existing bilateral/regional and international treaties. Additionally, Nepal in view of its land-locked mess geographic situation could always ask for facilitation and generosity from its friendly neighbor, India, which believes, practices and follows the highest order of democracy. India harbors common neighborhood between Nepal and Bangladesh.

Some of the socio-economic activities relating to Nepal and Bangladesh are already in existence but this is not enough. Further initiations at high level institutions both in Nepal and Bangladesh while insuring the support from India are needed.

Nepal maintained a neutral stance on the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, the then-Kingdom of Nepal became one of the first nations to recognize Bangladesh. With Bangladesh, Nepal saw an opportunity to obtain access to port facilities in the Bay of Bengal to bolster foreign trade - something it had sought when Bangladesh was still a part of Pakistan, but only to a limited success. In April 1976, Nepal and Bangladesh signed bilateral agreements to develop trade, transit and civil aviation. The transit agreement exempted all traffic-in-transit from duties and other charges. Six points of entry and exit for Nepalese traffic were set up. However, the Nepalese goods had to be unloaded at the border, due to the absence of an agreement allowing Nepalese trucks direct access to the ports.

Recent scenario, Bangladesh's export to Nepal was worth only US$6.7 million; its major exports include pharmaceuticals, garments, plastics, handicrafts and other goods. Nepal on the other hand, exported only US$53 million worth of goods, which are largely agricultural produce such as pulses, lentils, rice and wheat. In 1998, the Phulbari treaty between India and Bangladesh allowed Nepalese goods access to Bangladesh through a transit route in India. In 2010, a joint communiqué issued by India and Bangladesh the assured giving Nepal and Bhutan access to the Bangladeshi ports.

The bilateral relations between Nepal and Bangladesh are progressing. Recently, the numbers of air-flight have been substantially increased to 18 flights a week from only 6 or 7. However, the commercial trade route is through Kakarbhitta/Nepal, Siliguri/India to the Bangabandhu/Bangladesh as the border points. All these three nations are the members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMTEC). At present, SAARC region is confronted with anarchist activities and terrorism. Now our focus should entirely in minimizing the affects of this these threats in the true sprit of harmony, brotherhood, neighborhood among the nations. Obviously, without this no effort can be materialized.

In the context of trade and transit between Nepal and Bangladesh, the intention of Indian Govt. should be participated. Because, cordial people to people level relations between Nepal and India has existed since ancient times. Nepal and Bangladesh have to keep friendly relations with India due to our similar cultural religious traditions and geographical attachment. But sadly, India is not clear on its intention. The reality is that suspiciousness never finds the solution among the nations. Since 1950, there are many evidences of misunderstandings between Nepal and India. Then 2005, Indian Govt. and leaders supported and convinced the culprit and anarchist leaders of Nepali Congress, UML and Maoist party with the 12-point agreement to create agitation against Nepal. And Indian intelligence wing 'RAW' has played an active role in the uprising, providing the economic and other material support to disturb the Nepalese unity and existence. The 12-point agreement was the cause of crisis for Nepal. Indian congress-(I) through its intelligence agency- RAW, has been found continuously involved in destabilizing our national identities- royal institution, Hindu Kingdom and national language, which were developed along with the ideology of national unity, security and national identity.

Nepal could remain an independent and sovereign country only because of monarchy and China. The permanent institution- 'monarchy' can put unite the national instigation as it remained since thousands years ago. Monarchy is still a popular institution. In between the two big neighbors-China & India, the monarchy has been playing a balanced role. From the very beginning of history Nepal and China have been regarding their sovereignty each other. China's leader Mao Ze Dong used to say even when communism was at its height in China that 'China was in favor of monarchy in Nepal as its sovereignty is safe only because of monarchy'. So, Nepal is supporting- 'One China policy'- Tibet as an integral part of China. If monarchy is not Nepal, China comes with many agendas and projects for its security.

Due to the unnecessary Indian intervention, since 2006, the leadership in Nepal is very irresponsible. The Indian Govt. itself invited the terrorism in Nepal and India. The leaders of Maoist, Congress, UML and Madhesi are not for the sake of democratic senses. They are catering the disintegrate agendas of the country. In Nepal, republic, secularism and federalism will be most difficult task. Actually, federalism means is to establish the feudalism, the secular state means is to establish the Religious terrorism and republic is disintegration. So, the constituent assembly will be the missile to destroy Nepal. The Maoist model of federalism based on ethnicity will be the cause of civil war.

After all, the Indian intelligence Wing-RAW's activities are increasing. The American 'CIA' and Christian missions had been involved with the Maoist since a long time. To save the dignity and sovereignty of the nation, we should not hesitate to attack the evil elements. First of all, India should convince to establish peaceful situation in this region especially-Nepal. For this the Constituent Assembly, which has become allegorical to a poisonous agendas, must be removed. And then, to develop the mutual relation and to create peaceful environment with Nepal, Bangladesh and India, we should finalize the safe landing position, reciprocally. So, to minimize the anarchist and terrorist activities, there should restore the 1990 Constitution; and in presence of the monarch make a collective effort.